^ Charles, Geoffrey (11 March 1969). "Cars And Drivers Accident prevention instead of blame". The Times. The Times. Quoting from JJ Leeming in Accidents and their prevention: "Blame for accidents seems to me to be at best irrelevant and at worst actively harmful." ... "Much of the Leeming case is that by attributing blame and instituting proceedings against the motorist, the law virtually guarantees that none of the participants will be wholly truthful, so that the factors that really led to the accident are never discovered."
In the increasingly chemical world, we sometimes become ill because of exposure to contaminants in the air, soil, or water, in products, or in food. Claims based on such exposure are difficult to prove, however, and often require complex scientific data. And because the chemical and other industries have erected a huge wall to protect themselves from legal exposure while they continue to expose us to potentially harmful chemicals, the required evidence is very hard to come by. Get expert help.

Most cases settle before trial. At  any  point in the process described above, the parties can settle and end the case. In fact, the plaintiff can send the  first settlement offer  before the complaint is ever filed. What is more typical, particularly if the initial evidence establishing liability and/or damages is inconclusive, is that a settlement is reached after the discovery process has gone on for a while.
As occurs in most civil cases, personal injury cases begin by filing with a court a document called a "complaint."[7] Typically, a complaint in a personal injury case identifies the parties to the lawsuit, specifies what the defendant did wrong, alleges that the wrongdoing caused the plaintiff's injury, and specifies what kind of compensation the plaintiff is seeking. The complaint generally sets out the facts that the plaintiff will attempt to prove, and the defendant may attempt to disprove, throughout the litigation.

I believe in a holistic approach to personal injury cases. That doesn't mean I'll anoint you with peppermint oil as you walk through the doors of my office, but it does mean that I take a very personal interest in your welfare. My firm is known as the "personal" personal injury law firm because we take the time to get to know you, your background, hopes and dreams.
In England and Wales, under the limitation rules, where an individual is bringing a claim for compensation, court proceedings must be commenced within 3 years of the date of the accident, failing which the claimant will lose the right to bring his or her claim. However, injured parties who were under the age of 18 at the time of their accidents have until the day prior to their 21st birthdays to commence proceedings. A court has the discretion to extend or waive the limitation period if it is considered equitable to do so.[9] Another exception is if the accident caused an injury, as an example industrial deafness, then the three-year period will start from when injured party knew or ought to have known that he or she had a claim.[10]
DISCLAIMER: This website contains information about Leontire & Associates, P.C. that includes testimonial statements from persons who are familiar with the firm's services. The testimonials shown are not necessarily representative of every person's experience with us. Testimonials from every client are not provided. As no two situations or persons are identical, the facts and circumstances of your situation may differ from those for which testimonials are shown. This website also includes information about some of the past results that we have obtained for our clients. Not all results are provided, and the results shown are not necessarily representative of all results obtained by us. No two situation are exactly alike; every person's situation is unique and the outcome for each person depends on the individual facts.

In some instances, regardless of the nature of your injury or the amount of your medical bills and lost income, you will want to hire a lawyer because an insurance company or government agency simply refuses to make any fair settlement offer at all. In these cases, something -- what the lawyer can get minus the fee charged to get it -- is better than nothing.


When dealing with an insurance company, you may feel like you can file a claim and negotiate a settlement on your own. And that may be true if you only suffered minor property damage, such as a small ding to your car. However, if you are coping with any injuries, it is worth scheduling a free consultation with an experienced personal injury attorney.  
^ Grossetete, Mathieu (August 2016). "Des accidents de la route pas si accidentels" (in French). Le Monde diplomatique. Retrieved 2018-01-24. Alors qu’ils ne représentent que 13,8 % de la population française âgée de 15 ans et plus, les ouvriers comptaient pour 22,1 % des 3 239 personnes décédées sur la route en 2007 et pour 19 % des blessés hospitalisés. À l’inverse, les cadres supérieurs, professions libérales et chefs d’entreprise (8,4 % de la population) ne totalisaient que 2,9 % des morts et blessés

In order to have a viable personal injury lawsuit or claim, your personal injury or injuries must have been caused by the negligence of another person or entity (such as a business or government agency). Generally speaking, when a person or entity acts in a careless manner and causes injury to someone else, the careless person or entity will usually be legally responsible or (“liable”) for their injury or injuries and any other resulting harms under the legal principle of “negligence.”
Unlike other areas of the law that find their rules in statutes (such as penal codes in criminal cases), the development of personal injury law has taken place mostly through court decisions, and in treatises written by legal scholars. Many states have taken steps to summarize the development of personal injury law in written statutes, but for practical purposes court decisions remain the main source of the law in any legal case arising from an accident or injury.
Negligence involves the disregard for the safety of others by failure to act a reasonable person would. It could be that a dangerous situation was created by a pot hole, leaking ceiling or uneven surface. The key attribute in this assessment is whether or not a reasonable individual would have been able to identify the condition as dangerous or potentially hazardous and if the liable party had ample opportunities to improve the conditions prior to the occurrence of the injury. The alternative task to prove is whether the liable property owner specifically caused the dangerous situation themselves and that it was reasonably understandable that a person would suffer an injury due to the situation.
In Anglo-American jurisdictions the term is most commonly used to refer to a type of tort lawsuit in which the person bringing the suit, or "plaintiff," has suffered harm to his or her body or mind. Personal injury lawsuits are filed against the person or entity that caused the harm through negligence, gross negligence, reckless conduct, or intentional misconduct, and in some cases on the basis of strict liability.[2][3] Different jurisdictions describe the damages (or, the things for which the injured person may be compensated) in different ways, but damages typically include the injured person's medical bills, pain and suffering, and diminished quality of life.[4]
Whether someone acted negligently will depend on what they knew. This is especially true in slip and fall cases, as the defendant's knowledge of the dangerous condition will usually be determinative. The plaintiff is entitled to find out what the defendant knew through a procedure called discovery. During discovery, the defendant can be forced to turn over maintenance records, repair logs, surveillance video, and other such items.
For example, you might have been treated and released from the hospital emergency room. The other driver’s insurance company may want you to agree to a quick settlement for the medical expenses you incurred up to that point. However, from a medical standpoint, you may not be fully aware of the extent of your injuries. Sometimes the symptoms of injuries don’t appear for weeks, even months, after a car accident. If you enter into a quick settlement with the insurance company, and then find out that you need more medical treatment for your injuries, you cannot go back to the insurance company and ask for additional compensation.
A personal injury is different than property damage. If you were involved in a minor fender bender that caused only minimal damage to your vehicle and you suffered no injuries to your body or psyche, you have not suffered a personal injury. In this scenario, an insurance company or a small claims court may provide you with a remedy. However, you do not have a legally recognized basis for a personal injury lawsuit.

If you've been injured in an accident that wasn't your fault, a personal injury attorney can help you receive a fair settlement from the insurance company. Although it's possible to receive some compensation without legal representation, if you don't have a personal injury attorney there's an increased chance that the insurance company will try to take advantage of you and give you less than you deserve."
You may find this process frustrating, and even exasperating. However, the more information and documentation you provide to the insurance company, the more likely you are to receive fair compensation from the insurance company for all of your damages. Remember, the insurance company is not required to reach a settlement agreement with you. The insurance company may say at some point, “This is the best offer we’re going to make – if you want more money, then file a lawsuit.” (More: When Injury Settlement Talks Fail.)
In states that follow contributory fault rules, the plaintiff will be barred from collecting any damages at all if they're found to bear any degree of responsibility for the accident. In comparative negligence states, an injured claimant's damages award will be reduced by a percentage that's equal to  his or her share of  liability -- so, a claimant who bears 25% of the blame in a slip and fall case would only collect $7,500 of a $10,000 damages award, for example. You can find your state’s rules on the issue in this chart.
Settlements are private, but trials are not. While we mentioned this as a positive for the defendant, it benefits the plaintiff as well. During trial, both parties may try to make one another look bad, and that information will be available for anyone to read. In settlements, parties are in control of what can be public—including the settlement amount.
In cases where the defendant's conduct is deemed particularly egregious or outrageously careless, a personal injury plaintiff may be awarded punitive damages on top of any compensatory damages award. Punitive damages stem from a rationale that is quite different from the justification tied to compensatory damages, which attempt to "make someone whole."
Most personal injury damages are classified as "compensatory," meaning that they are intended to compensate the injured plaintiff for what was lost due to the accident or injury. A compensatory damages award is meant to make the injured plaintiff "whole" again from a monetary standpoint (to the extent that's possible). This means trying to put a dollar figure on all the consequences of an accident. Some compensatory damages are relatively easy to quantify -- like reimbursement for property damage and medical bills. But it's harder to place a monetary value on pain and suffering or the inability to enjoy hobbies because of physical limitations caused by lingering accident-related injuries.

See Automobiles – Personal Vehicles for information about how you are insured when driving personal vehicles to conduct University business. If you are using your personal vehicle to conduct University business and you are in an accident you must still report the accident to the University as described above. However, since your coverage comes from your personal automobile insurance policy, you must also contact your own automobile insurance company and advise them if someone has been injured or there has been third party property damage.
Medical Bills Those involved in a personal injury accident might need to get medical care. This can include tests, treatment, hospital stays, and outpatient care to address immediate injuries. However it doesn’t always end there. Medical care could also be required on an ongoing basis, especially if there are serious or permanent injuries. Overall, this can be expensive. The injured can face medical bills that are thousands or even hundreds of thousands of dollars. Damages assessed against the defendant in a settlement or trial should, ideally, cover all of this.
Birth Injuries Birth injuries are particularly devastating for your family. A negligent mistake by an obstetrician or other medical professional can result in physical injuries to a newborn, and it can also lead to lasting conditions, such as cerebral palsy, paralysis, and brain damage. This can be traumatic to the children and the parents, as well as a major financial strain on the family.
Seek Medical Treatment. Your health—or the health of a loved one—should be your number-one priority following a slip, trip, and fall accident. If you've been hurt, it's important to see a doctor so that your injuries can be properly documented. Those medical records will be important pieces of evidence should you decide to seek compensation for your injuries.
I was in an accident in November 2017. I was not at fault, and the other guy’s insurance company quickly got nasty in …their efforts to discourage me from seeking medical treatment for myself and my children. I finally just called The Law Offices of George Salinas. I called on a Saturday, and he called me back personally. The paralegal (Maria), and attorney assigned to my case (Eunice) both went above and beyond dealing with paperwork and nasty insurance adjusters. They helped me get the medical bills paid fairly. I would recommend them to anyone in the same situation.more »
In the 1990s, Hans Monderman's studies of driver behavior led him to the realization that signs and regulations had an adverse effect on a driver's ability to interact safely with other road users. Monderman developed shared space principles, rooted in the principles of the woonerven of the 1970s. He concluded that the removal of highway clutter, while allowing drivers and other road users to mingle with equal priority, could help drivers recognize environmental clues. They relied on their cognitive skills alone, reducing traffic speeds radically and resulting in lower levels of road casualties and lower levels of congestion.[25]
The Boston personal injury lawyers at Leontire & Associates, P.C. are known for taking on some of the most difficult and complex high-profile criminal cases in the nation. Individuals who have already been convicted in the court of public opinion have gone through the crucible of a public trial with our lawyers advocating for them, and they have come out the other side with their lives and liberty intact, vindicated of the charges brought against them.
After a car crash or traffic collision, you are vulnerable for several reasons. Dealing with insurance companies can be tricky, stressful, and even risky. They are businesses, first and foremost, so your well-being is not a priority. Insurance companies have been known to illegally deny, delay, or reduce claims, and a lawyer can protect you and help you with the complicated filing procedure.

Personal injury is the general category under which all personal injury cases fall. Personal injury and health laws cover automobile accidents, product liability, dog bites, animal attacks, medical malpractice, construction accidents, and premises liability. You can learn more about the validity of your claim by reading our law library article, "How much is your claim worth?"
While past results don’t guarantee future outcomes, what these verdicts show is that we will fight for you to potentially get the compensation you need to cover your bills and keep you from financial ruin. If you or a loved one were injured, you shouldn’t have to worry about keeping a roof over your head while you recover and get your life back on track.

If you were injured or a loved one died in personal injury accident, the Chicago personal injury attorneys at Ankin Law Office, LLC can help you get money damages. Because we focus on representing accident and injury victims, we will provide you with efficient and effective legal counsel that is catered to your unique situation and personal needs. We will guide you every step of the way – from investigation of the accident and filing the complaint to negotiating with insurance companies and advocating on your behalf in a court of law.


“Slip and fall” accidents usually involve a scenario where a person is injured by slipping or tripping and falling due to a dangerous hazard on an owner’s premises. Falls can of course occur inside and outside, and are most often caused by wet floors, but can also be caused by poor lighting near uneven stairs or steps, uneven or broken flooring, weather-related hazards such as snow or ice, especially black ice, or by other non-obvious hazards.
Some cases may offer several opportunities for legal action. For example, if a case involves multiple defendants and the plaintiff settles with one of them, this typically does not prevent the plaintiff from pursuing legal action against the other defendants. Your Los Angeles personal injury lawyer can help you determine what your best options are.
In most cases we do not want to proceed with a lawsuit until we have attempted to settle the case. This saves the client money in extra expenses that go along with a lawsuit and many times the case settles more quickly if we attempt to settle before filing a lawsuit than if we file a lawsuit right away and get lawyers involved on the other side. In some case, such as drunken driving cases, we often file the lawsuit right away. These options can be discussed in detail with respect to your specific case.

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Construction Defects—Shoddy workmanship or inadequate repairs to a piece of property can result in an injury and be grounds for a premises liability lawsuit involving construction defects. In some instances, homeowners’ associations may bring construction defects claims when many homeowners have been harmed by a builder’s poor workmanship. Some Colorado municipalities such as Denver have local ordinances that must be taken into consideration when assessing these cases.
Premises Liability: Property owners are responsible for maintaining the property in a reasonably safe condition, or at least giving adequate warning of any danger. When poor maintenance, construction defects, or inadequate security result in accidents or assault, our Colorado premises liability attorneys will investigate the incident and aggressively pursue compensation for your injuries.
In gathering sufficient evidence that accurately represents your condition, you are providing information the court (or even an insurance adjuster) could use to estimate how much money you should get for pain and suffering. In court there generally isn’t a single, standard calculation used to assess a dollar amount on pain and suffering, although you will read about a “multiplier” calculation around the internet. Essentially, a jury could award compensation for pain and suffering based on fairly subjective factors, such as the credibility of the plaintiff’s testimony and whether they even like the plaintiff. Having records and related evidence can help bolster your case for pain and suffering compensation in the face of these subjective factors.
Farar & Lewis LLP is a top rated law firm, with over 30 years of combined experience. Our attorneys have won over $50 million, in combined verdicts and settlements for our clients. Our firm was founded on the concept of concierge customer service. Everything we do revolves around helping our clients get the best possible outcome. Almost all of our clients work with one of our founding partners, which ensures the highest level of service and success. We recognize that you’re trusting us with your future, and your families future — we take this responsibility seriously. As a result, we take on fewer clients than most other firms – in order to provide the highest levels of service.
^ Smith, Turner T. (November 1983). "Environmental Damage Liability Insurance—A Primer". The Business Lawyer. 9 (1): 333–3Personal injury cases represent greatest amount54. JSTOR 40686553. ("Personal injury is defined to include 'bodily injury, mental anguish, shock, sickness, disease or disability.' Property damage means 'physical injury to or physical destruction of tangible property....'")
Some bar associations and attorney organizations offer certifications, including certification of lawyers in the field of personal injury.[2] Certification is not required to practice personal injury law, but may help a lawyer demonstrate knowledge in the field to potential clients. Within the U.S., not all state bars offer certification for personal injury law. Some states, such as New Jersey,[3] allow lawyers to become Certified Trial Attorneys, a credential that is available to both plaintiff and defense attorneys. Some states, such as Arizona,[4] restrict the use of the words "specialist" or "specialize" to lawyers who have obtained a certification from the State Bar Board of Legal Specialization in a specific field of law, with one such certification being in the area of personal injury law.
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